REPUBLIC OF COSTA RICA


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GUEST BOOK


Geographical position
Mountain ranges
Lowlands
Valleys
Peninsulas
Islands
Volcanos
Earthquake
Tsunami
People
Educational system
Health care
Religions
Governments
Climate
Rivers
Archeology
Culture
Language
Architecture
Economy



 
GENERAL INFORMATIONS:
Educational system

Educational system

In the past, many Costa Rica`s presidents were educated for teachers. When during 20`s in Costa Rica, a half of population couldn`t read and write, yet in 70`s the rate of illiteracy droped to 11 %. Nowadays 95,2 % of Ticos is educated, which is another record number in Latin America`s scale. The main reason of that is investing over 28 % of the national budget in education. (The lack of expensive military establishment has been a great help in this). Primary education has been free and obligatory since 1869. There are four public universities (University of Costa Rica in San Jose`s suburbs, Nacional University in Heredia, Technological Institute in Cartago and State Correspondence University). Besides, there are also a lot of private ones and International Univercity for Peace.

Elementary school has six year levels, where as high school has 5 year levels. Each is devided into 2 cycles and upon completion of each cycle, students are required to pass tests on all subjects studied during those years. There is also Bacaillerato (a very important test which decides who will be able to continuing of learning in universities). In 1994 president Figuerres introduced obligatory English classes. Generally in country there are 100 libraries.

Costa Rica has 4 state-founded universities. The oldest and biggest university in Costa Rica is University of Costa Rica (UCR). There attends around 35.000 students. The main campus is in the northeastern San Jose quarter of San Pedro and there are also regional branches in Alajuela, Turrialba, Puntarenas and Cartago. The second university in country is called National University. It`s placed in Heredia. It houses 13.000 students of humanistic specializations. The third academy is Technological Institute of Costa Rica in Cartago (ITCR). It specializes in science and technology and has registered 7.500 students. There is also the State Correspondence University (UNED) (1978) and outstanding University for Peace. It was created by help of United Nations.


 
2004; SLUPSK; Rafal Cezary Piechocinski