General info
Bolanos Island Wildlife Refuge
Santa Rosa National Park
Lomas de Barbudal Biological Reserve
Palo Verde National Park
Barra Honda National Park
Penas Blancas National Wildlife Refuge
Guayabo, Negritos and Los Pajaros Biological Reserve
Ostional National Wildlife Refuge
Carara Biological Reserve
Curu National Wildlife Refuge
Cabo Blanco Natural Reserve
Manuel Antonio National Park
Cano Island Biological Reserve
Golfito National Wildlife Refuge
Corcovado National Park
Coco Island National Park
Rincon de la Vieja National Park
Poas Volcano National Park
Braulio Carillo National Park
Irazu Volcano National Park
Guayabo National Monument
Tapanti National Park
Chirripo National Park
Hitoy-Cerere Biological Reserve
Cano Negro National Reserve
Barra del Colorado National Wildlife Refuge
Tortuguero National Park
Cahuita National Park
Gandoca-Manzanillo National Wildlife Refuge
Guanacaste National Park
Arenal Volcano National Park
Ballena National Sea Park
Juan Castro Blanco National Park
Las Baulas National Park
Esquinas National Park
Cipanci National Wildlife Refuge
Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve
La Cangreja National Park
Diria National Park
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve

Cano Island Biological Reserve

Cano Island Biological Reserve

(300 ha), (1978). Belonged to Puntarenas province, the Cano Island is situated 20 kilometres off the western coast of Osa peninsula. It`s a product of plate tectonic setting, the subduction of the Cocos Plate beneath the Caribbean Plate. It was discovered by Juan de Castenada in 1519.

In the centre of the island there is a wide plateau no higher than 110 metres. It`s covered with a tall evergreen forests. The predominant species is the enourmuss cow tree, also kniown as the milk tree. Various species of birds can be seen such as the osprey, brown booby. Some of the resident mammals are the grey four-eyed opossum, and the paca. Besides there is also boa constrictor.

The existence of stone spheres, tombs with stone statues, golden votive offerings and polychrome ceramics gave rise to a theory that the island was used only as a cementery for important person during the pre-Columbian period. The island is surrounded by 5 marine platforms or low coral reefs. Two endanger species that live in the waters around the islands are lobsters and giant conches.

2004; SLUPSK; Rafal Cezary Piechocinski